In an earthquake - drop, cover and hold.
Earthquakes are caused by fractures within the earth's crust (fault lines) shearing or rupturing. Fault ruptures can cause ground heave or liquefaction, where loose soils change from a solid state to the consistency of heavy liquid. The ground shaking is referred to as an earthquake.
Earthquakes happen regularly and unpredictably in parts of Otago; however few cause damage and injury.
As seen in Christchurch, a major earthquake will cause loss of life and widespread disruption to communication, transport links, electricity and water supplies. The best way to cope is to make preparations now.
Civil Defence staff at your local council can tell you about the risk to your community and which areas are more susceptible to the effects of ground shaking, rupture and liquefaction.
Building codes are upgraded as more is understood about how buildings perform in an earthquake. Older buildings are often retro-fitted to better withstand earthquake conditions.
DROP, COVER, COVER HOLD
If you are inside during an earthquake:
If you are outside during an earthquake:
Long or Strong, GET GONE
If you are in a coastal area and you feel a earthquake that lasts longer than a minute, don't wait for a tsunami warning. Move immediatly to higher ground or as far inland as you can. Walk if you can. Stay there until you get the all clear.